Chichen Itza Mexico
Chichen Itza Mexico was one of the most important city-states in pre-Hispanic America and is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico today.
Chichen Itza is one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. If you travel to Cancun, Playa del Carmen, Tulum or one of the many beaches located in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, there are several places that you definitely must see, but none is more iimpressive than Chichen Itza Mexico, one of the new 7 wonders of the world.
Where is Chichen Itza?
Chichen Itza Mexico is located 90 minutes far from Merida Yucatán, this is the city which name means “On the Edge of the Well of the Itzaes”. This complex which has the UNESCO recognition as a World Heritage Site and is one of the “New Seven Wonders of the World” allows from the entrance of Chichén Itzá a majestic view of the Templo de Kukulkan.
- From Cancun – 197 km
- From Playa del Carmen – 182 km
- From Tulum – 151 km
Chichen Itza Mexico is one of the “peak” Mayan archeological zones: not only is it a set of amazing constructions but also they are not stripped of uses, but rather the opposite: everything planned down to the last detail, with a certainty and accuracy that calls attention for having been thought of thousands of years ago, when conditions were not even a bit similar to the current ones.
It was founded by Mayan groups between the years 325 and 550 AD. Around the year 800, the Toltecs invaded the area, causing the fusion of the two cultures. Thus, the city reached its maximum splendor and became the most powerful in the Yucatan Peninsula at the beginning of the 12th century.
Chichen Itza Mexico
Chichen Itza Ruins
The site is made up of several buildings: the Ball Court, the Sacred Cenote, the Main Esplanade, the Observatory, the Temple of a Thousand Columns and the Pyramid of Kukulcán or also known as El Castillo, 24 meters high, among others. .
Undoubtedly, it is the latter that drew the most attention due to the phenomenon observed in the change of season. In fact, during the autumn and spring equinoxes, the sun will play sneaking through the windows of the building and project its light in a certain way that will announce the arrival of a new time of the year and reaffirm that the Mayans handled the issue.
The Chichen Itza Pyramid also had the function of serving as a calendar since the total number of steps is 365, as well as the days of the year: 91 steps spread over its 4 steps and one more that leads to the Great Temple.
Regarding the Sacred Cenote, whose measurements are 60 meters in diameter and 35 deep, according to the investigations, objects of great value for the time were found here, for which it was established that both material and human sacrifices were made here, in honor of Chaac Mool, the god of the rains.
For its part, the Ball Game is credited with being the largest in Meso America, as it is 70 meters wide and 169 meters long. Although warlike iconographic expressions were found, their use was also ritual.
Towards the east, there is the Temple of the Jaguars, on whose wall there is a chamber with symbols of community figures such as warriors and priests, as well as icons of animals and aquatic plants.
As for the Observatory, the holes in its walls coincide with the position of the space bodies, so its use was linked to the Mayan calendar.
Finally, the Temple of the Warriors is located on a pyramid-shaped building but is preceded by a set of 200 pilasters known as The Thousand Columns and which represent the warriors. There is also a sculpture of Chac Mool, who is sitting cross-legged.
Chichen Itza prices
- Adults $533 MXN
- Child (3-12) $80 MXN
- Mexican Citizens $237
- Locals $80
Free admission on Sundays for Mexican citizens and foreigners with residence in Mexico, ID is required.
Get here your tickets Skip The Line
A Chichen Itza trip is not only exciting during the day, Chichen Itza at night becomes a magical experience. Enjoy the most incredible light and sound show in one of the Seven wonders of the world, admire how the Kukulkan Pyramid is filled with colorful images and Mayan representations. The show begins at 7:00 pm, you can get your tickets at Chichen Itza’s entrance starting at 15:00 hrs.
- $600 MXN
Chichen Itza Tour
Spend a day between nature and culture at Chichen Itza Mexico! Delve into the passionate Mayan culture and discover Chichén Itza Pyramid. Your certified guide will take you to the most representative structures of Chichén Itzá, including the largest Ballgame Court in Mesoamerica.
Find out the scientific advances of this civilization through fun games, like the acoustic effects on some temples. Learn why the Maya were great astronomers and architects, since many of their constructions were built according to the movement of the stars.
In this tour you can dip into the freshwater Xcajum Cenote, a breathtaking place perfect for a picture.
Duration: approximately 12 h.
In general, a tour to Chichen Itza Pyramid includes
- Roundtrip transportation by van or bus (with AC).
- Entrance fee to Chichen Itza.
- Guided Tour inside Chichen Itza.
- Free time in Chichen Itza.
- Buffet lunch.
- Visit to a Mayan Cenote.
- Express stop in Valladolid.
Chichen Itza Facts
- The meaning of Chichen Itza is “at the mouth of the well of the Itza”
- Chichen Itza was an economic power of the Mayan era and a crossroads for trading routes across the Americas.
- Chichen Itza Mexico was the capital of the Yucatan peninsula from 900 AD to 1050 AD.
- The most famous monument in Chichen Itza is El Castillo or the Temple of Kukulcan.
- The Ancient Mayans were impressive athletes who played a type of ballgame in Chichen Itza’s 13 ball courts.